2.While vaccination promotion in the antebellum black press was ________, appealing to readers’ sense of communal duty in culturally resonant ways, such appeals became even more direct after the Civil War began. With the social and financial systems that supported southern slavery at last under direct military assault—and with the mustering of troops in camps on the outskirts of Philadelphia seeding concentrated smallpox outbreaks in the city’s environs—the black press began to promote vaccination with both new _______ and increased emphasis upon civic duty.
3.For decades, Pluto was the magically ______ planet. It was first thought to be about as large as Earth — nearly 8,000 miles wide — but subsequent measurements had it smaller and smaller.
4.Every illness is a story, and Annie Page’s began with the kinds of small, ______ details that mean nothing until seen in hindsight.
5.The decision to have a child depends on innumerable personal considerations and large, unaccountable societal factors that are in constant flux. Yet even knowing this, demographers themselves are often _______. Projections of birthrates and population totals are often embarrassingly at odds with eventual reality.
6.The brain has become, for many, __________ the biological machinations of the self, and the self-knowledge promised by neuroscience has ignited a hunger to understand how it weighs in on age-old questions
synonymous with 与…同义
7.In sum, whatever the acknowledged _______ of the market and the merits of considering ways to _____ them, invoking preferential public policies toward this end entails the inevitable risk of other shortcomings that will accompany the remedial public policies.
8.We give ourselves altogether too much credit in our dealings with other species. Even the _____ nature that domestication supposedly represents is _____. It takes two to perform that particular dance, after all, and plenty of plants and animals have elected to _______. Try as they might, people have never been able to domesticate the oak tree, whose highly nutritious acorns remain far too bitter for humans to eat.
power over 控制权
sit it out 袖手旁观
9.Foresters around the world have been battling bark beetles for centuries, but the scale of recent outbreaks in North America has been _______.
10.In both our online survey and the Pew data, we find that low-wage and low-income workers are often the least likely to support increases in the minimum wage. The relatively ____ support among low-income workers for such a transfer is consistent with last-place aversion, as those who are marginally better off seek to _________ to distinguish themselves from those in “last place.”
retain their ability 保持能力