1.Improve 提高:

  Promote: 促进AC之间的贸易promote the trade between A and C; He was promoted to senior manager in this company.

  Advance: our understanding of human genetics has considerably(非常的,可换做vastly) advanced.

  Enhance: the publicity has enhanced his reputation.这次宣传提高了他的名望

  Reinforce: reinforce the interference of the autority and its ability of macroeconomic control 加强政府的干预和宏观调控能力

  2.change 改变:

  Transform:多指改头换面,完全改变,不能用于形容slight change。说到人口变化:the increasing population has transformed the landscape and structure of local industry structure.人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构

  3.Emphasize 强调:

  Highlight:the report highlight the decline in the numbers of native(可以换作local) plants and insects.

  highlight/emphase the significance/magnitude of… 强调…的重要性

  Stress: He stresses the need for parents to listen to their children.

  Accentuate: the crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor.

  Address: address the ponderance of manipulating the inosculation between… and… in the right perspective强调正确处理…关系的重要性

  (highlight and emphasize 的区别:highlight是告诉人们重点,因而能够让别人注意,类似于老师勾重点;而emphasize则是使重点清晰,不管别人是否能注意得到。而stress则和emphasize差不多)


  Cultivate: cultivate the ability of … ;培养情操;cultivate a more relaxed and positive way towards life.

  Nurture: 养育,同样可以指培养人才(talents)the sea nutures ample marine animals.

  5.Break 破坏:

  Impair:impair ability; 主要是破坏能力,莫乱用。

  Undermine这个词也是指的是抽象意义上的破坏,有逐渐削弱之意,重点是循序渐进的过程。Undermine one’s ability/confidence/authority/position/credibility

  Jeopardize: 不能乱用,破坏的东西要上一定的等级才能配上此词。比如Jeopardize the process of peace.破坏和平进程

  Devastate特指毁灭、蹂躏 the earthquake devastated the whole city.

  6.Keep 保存

  Preserve、Conserve 保护资源用的就是这个词,不要用protect,protect这个词用在保护具体的东西。 With解决

  Tackle: tackle the problem.

  Resolve: resolve dispute争论/conflict冲突/problem/issue/crisis危机;来自拉丁语,比较正式。

  8.need 需要

  Require:xxx requires courage and confidence.

  Necessitate: 用法不简单,没有摸透。

  call for(这也是个很高级的用法,奥巴马就用这个【我不晓得奥巴马咋个用的,原帖是这样说的,并且call for也挺正式的】):跟need一样的用法。

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